Do you dream of transforming your kitchen or bathroom with a fresh and updated look, but don’t want to break the bank? Repainting your cabinets can instantly breathe new life into these spaces. However, the process of painting cabinets can be daunting and overwhelming, especially for beginners. Today, I’m sharing how to paint cabinets that are already painted for a professional finish.
If you’re considering this DIY project, it’s crucial to avoid common mistakes that could result in a sloppy, unprofessional-looking finish. In this article, I’ll guide you through the most common mistakes people make when painting cabinets and provide tips on how to avoid them.
By the end, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge and confidence to tackle this project like a pro. So, let’s get started!
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How to Paint Cabinets That Are Already Painted
I’ve painted many bathroom and kitchen cabinets since the beginning of my home renovation journey in 2016. In that time, I’ve learned the tricks of the trade to get a professional finish, without the pro.
One of the most transformative DIY tools is paint. Thankfully, it’s also affordable and, with practice, not an overly difficult skill to master.
If you have cabinets that are painted a color you don’t like or are damaged, this tutorial will teach you exactly how to paint cabinets that are already painted so you can affordably update your space.
And I discovered a method to fake the look of wood for the crown moulding and the sides of the upper cabinets!
Materials Needed to Paint Cabinets
To properly prepare and paint cabinets that have already been painted, you’ll need to first gather these supplies.
- Painter’s Tape
- Paint Brush
- Mini Paint Rollers
- Roller Trays
- Sand paper
- Tack cloth
- Painting pyramids (Alternatives that work well: canned goods, flat bottom glasses or low bowls)
- Drop cloths
- Cabinet Paint
Optional, as needed
1. Proper Cabinet Prep is Key
Before you even pick up a paintbrush, it’s crucial to properly prepare your cabinets.
This step may seem tedious, but it will ensure that the paint adheres properly and the finished product looks professional.
Start by removing all hardware, including knobs, handles, and hinges. If you plan on reusing the hardware, place them in a safe place where they won’t get lost or damaged. Label them appropriately so reinstallation is easier to tackle.
How to Clean Cabinets Prior to Painting
Next, thoroughly clean the cabinets with TSP or soap and water, making sure to remove any grease or grime. TSP is a great industrial strength cleaner, however it can react negatively to some paints. So make sure to read the label of your paint to ensure that it can be used with TSP.
I go into great detail on how to clean cabinets prior to painting in this tutorial.
Repairing and Sanding Cabinetry
If your cabinets have damage or peeling paint, it is essential that you take the time to repair the damage and then sand them smooth. Bondo wood filler is a great option for filling cracks, dings, and dents.
At this stage, you’ll also want to fill any old hardware holes if your new hardware needs to be placed in a different spot.
Alternatively, if your cabinets are in good shape you can simply sand the cabinets lightly with 100-150 grit sand paper to remove any gloss or sheen, allowing the primer to adhere properly. Alternatively, you can use liquid sandpaper as a deglosser to avoid a mess.
Finally, use a tack cloth to remove any remaining dust or debris. Proper prep may take some time, but it’s worth it in the long run to achieve a flawless finish.
As important as proper prep is, choosing the right paint is just as crucial. Keep reading to learn about the types of paint to use and avoid when painting cabinets.
2. Prime as Needed
Priming cabinets that have already been painted prior to painting them again is not always necessary.
However, it is an important step if you have done any repairs to your cabinetry or are dealing with a previous paint job that was done poorly.
Primer will help protect your cabinets. In addition, it creates a smooth base to help you get better adhesion and truer color from your paint.
Priming is an excellent way to give your cabinetry the best surface for good paint adhesion. However, if you’re cabinets are in great shape, cleaning them may be enough.
Personally, I have done both. I have primed previously painted cabinets before painting. I’ve also simply cleaned them and painted a fresh topcoat without priming.
Both have held up well, however, you’ll need to determine whether or not your specific project would benefit from priming first.
Choosing the Right Paint
Choosing the right paint for your cabinets can make all the difference in achieving a flawless finish.
While it may be tempting to use a leftover can of paint from a previous project, it’s important to choose a paint that is specifically designed for cabinets. Look for a paint that is labeled as “cabinet and trim paint” or “furniture paint.”
These types of paint are formulated to withstand wear and tear, resist chipping and peeling, and provide a smooth and durable finish.
Avoid using traditional wall paint or latex paint, as they may not adhere properly or stand up to the daily wear and tear that cabinets endure. Additionally, oil-based paints may provide a durable finish, but they can be difficult to work with and have a strong odor.
Instead, opt for a water-based alkyd or acrylic enamel paint, which dries quickly and cleans up easily with soap and water.
When you’re ready to tackle the painting step, always apply two to three coats of paint.
This will give you the full saturation of color, as well as the best durability. Sand lightly between coats, but not after your final finish coat.
If you’re looking for painting tips, make sure to check out these tutorials:
Can I Use Water-Based Paint on Top of Oil-Based Paint?
Equally important, painting cabinets that are already painted means you need to know what type of paint is already on your cabinetry. Oil based paints cannot be painted over with water based paints.
If you don’t know what type of paint was used on your cabinets before, dip a cotton ball or cotton pad into a small amount of denatured alcohol. Gently rub the denatured alcohol in an inconspicuous area of the cabinet (I like to use the inside of a drawer or cabinet door).
If the paint doesn’t come off, it is oil-based paint. Remnants of paint on your cotton swab is an indicator that it’s likely not oil-based paint.
If you have oil based paint on your cabinetry, you must use a primer on top of oil based paint before finishing with a top coat. Skipping this step will cause your water based paint to bead up and peel off down the road.
On the other hand, if you are painting over water based paints, you can use an oil based paint on top, if desired.
The Best Paint Finish for Cabinets
In addition to choosing the right type of paint, consider the finish.
I prefer a satin or semi-gloss finish for cabinets, as it provides a durable and easy-to-clean surface. Avoid using a high-gloss finish, as it may highlight imperfections and blemishes on the cabinets.
Flat or eggshell finishes are also options to avoid as they are less durable and show fingerprints and smudges easily.
The Best Type of Paint for Painting Already Painted Cabinets
There are a lot of paint options to choose from when deciding how to paint cabinets that are already painted. Here’s a quick break down of the various paint options.
Oil Based Paint
Oil based paint is an amazingly durable paint option which is perfect for painting cabinets. Once painted, your cabinets will clean up well, be extra durable, and have the smoothest finish.
However, the cons of using oil based paint often causes people (myself included) to opt for other options.
Oil based paint is odorous and is a more time intensive clean up. Plus, once you’ve painted with oil based paint, you should not paint overtop with latex as it won’t adhere well. So once you’ve chosen oil based paint for your cabinets, you’re all in!
CERAMIC ENAMEL OR URETHANE ALKYD PAINT
I’ve grown very fond of using ceramic enamel paint on trim and baseboards, and that has extended to cabinets as well.
It comes in a semi-gloss or satin finish and dries to a hard, durable finish. It dries quickly and offers easy clean up. Our painter introduced me to this type of paint years ago and it’s been my go-to choice of paint for areas that I need high durability since!
Another similar option is Urethane Alkyd Semi-Gloss Enamel. This provides a similar finish to oil based paint, but with water clean up. It is one of the most durable finishes and can also be painted on metal.
CABINET & DOOR PAINT
Of course, they make paints for almost any specific surface these days! So don’t overlook the value of a paint made specifically for cabinets and doors.
These are formulated specifically for a high traffic area and will offer great clean up and a long lasting finish.
When looking at the options for cabinet paint, I have had great success with Magnolia Cabinet Paint as well as Benjamin Moore Advance Cabinet Paint, both found at Ace Hardware.
By taking the time to properly prepare your cabinets and choosing the right paint, you can ensure a flawless finish that will last for years to come. With the right tools and techniques, you can create a kitchen that looks and feels brand new.
Speaking of which, let’s talk about the finishing touches that can take your cabinets to the next level.
Finishing Touches Matter
While choosing the right paint type and finish is crucial for a flawless cabinet painting job, it’s the finishing touches that can take your cabinets from good to stunning.
After painting, consider adding new hardware such as handles and knobs to refresh the look. You can also add decorative features such as molding or trim to create a custom look.
Another finishing touch is the proper sealing of painted cabinets. When using a cabinet paint, this step is considered “extra.” However, may be beneficial if using a lower quality paint.
A clear coat of polyurethane can add an extra layer of protection to your cabinets, making them more resistant to wear and tear. However, be sure to use a non-yellowing polyurethane to prevent any discoloration.
By adding these simple finishing touches, you can elevate the look of your cabinets and give your kitchen a whole new feel. But before you get to this step, it’s important to avoid common mistakes that can ruin your hard work.
Avoid These Common Mistakes When Painting Your Cabinets
While painting your cabinets may seem like a simple task, it’s important to keep in mind that there are some common mistakes that can turn your project into a disaster.
Here are a few things to avoid when painting your cabinets:
- Rushing the Preparation Process: Before painting, it’s essential to prep your cabinets properly. This includes cleaning them thoroughly, sanding them down, and taping off any areas you don’t want to paint. Skipping or rushing this step can result in a sloppy and unprofessional-looking paint job.
- Using the Wrong Type of Paint: Not all paints are created equal, and using the wrong type of paint can lead to chipping or peeling. Make sure to choose a high-quality paint specifically designed for cabinets, and avoid using regular wall paint.
- Painting Over Cabinets That Are Not Dry: If you’ve recently cleaned your cabinets, make sure they’re completely dry before you start painting. Painting over damp cabinets can result in bubbling or peeling paint.
- Not Allowing the Full Dry/Cure Time: Every paint is different. It is vital to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for dry, re-coat and cure time. If you re-coat too soon, or begin using the cabinets before they have fully cured, then your cabinets will be much more susceptible to damage down the road.
- Forgetting to Label Doors and Hardware: When taking doors and hardware off your cabinets, make sure to label them to avoid confusion when it’s time to put everything back together. This will save you time and headaches in the long run.
By avoiding these common mistakes, you can ensure that your cabinet painting project goes smoothly and results in a beautiful finished product.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can You Paint Over Painted Cabinets?
Obviously, it is possible to paint over painted cabinets when following the steps in this tutorial. However, you will want to consider a few things first.
- What type of paint is already on your cabinets? Make sure to test for oil based paint as instructed above to avoid a big headache down the road.
- How many layers of paint are on your cabinets? Too many layers of paint can cause obstructions to hinges and opening and closing drawers. Make sure there is space to accommodate more layers of paint.
- Are you painting over lead based paint? If you’re painting very old cabinets, make sure to test for lead based paint first. You DO NOT want to sand lead based paint as it is toxic and can cause harm.
Do I Sand cabinets Already Painted to Paint again?
In the prep steps stated above, we discussed sanding or deglossing your painted cabinets.
Removing any gloss or sheen is very important to help your new coat of paint adhere to cabinets properly. Sanding not only removes that slick surface, it also smooths out any imperfections.
However, it is a messy and tedious step. If your cabinets are in good shape, you can avoid sanding by using a deglosser and following this tutorial.
What is the Best Paint for Cabinets That Are Already Painted?
As you saw above, there are a lot of viable paint options for painting cabinets that are already painted.
However, my favorite option is to prime first, and then follow with ceramic enamel or alkyd cabinet paint. Behr, Magnolia and Benjamin Moore all offer excellent cabinet paint with a smooth finish and high durability.
Should I Spray or Hand Paint Cabinets?
There are pros and cons to both spraying and hand painting cabinets.
Spraying requires much more prep, but is faster and gives a smoother finish.
Hand painting gives more flexibility for timelines that require starting and stopping, smaller work areas where you can’t hang doors, and for those who don’t want to invest in a sprayer.
Both options work well, but I tend to stick to hand painting simply because I don’t have a way to set up a spray booth well in our climate. You can view more pros and cons to both options in this article as the same principles apply to painting cabinets as interior doors.
More Painting Tips and Tricks
To achieve a professional-looking finish when painting your cabinets, it’s crucial to avoid common mistakes.
Proper preparation is the key, from cleaning and sanding to removing hardware and taping off areas. Selecting the right paint and finishing touches, such as sanding between coats and applying a clear topcoat, can have a huge impact on the outcome.
Remember to avoid common mistakes like skipping the priming step or rushing the drying process. By taking your time and following these tips, you’ll be able to transform your space with a beautiful, lasting finish.
As the saying goes, “Measure twice, cut once.” The same goes for painting cabinets – do it right the first time, and enjoy the results for years to come.
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